Exploring the transparency of street frontages in Krakow

Anna Agata Kantarek



The ground floor activities that define the street space play a key role both in traditional and contemporary public space. They provide an inward and outward relationship and contribute to both liveliness of the street and a sense of security. Thus, frontage transparency is crucial for the relationship between the open public space and the internal functions at the edge of the street, as well as for the production and maintenance of a vital public domain. This paper summarises the results of a study on the transparency of street frontages in public space using selected sequences of radial streets in Krakow as an example. The research measures building front transparency in two radial sequences of streets coming from Krakow’s inner city, using inventory of a shop window in two categories – degree of windows transparency and premises uses. The study reveals the basic characteristics of the street frontage transparency and the functional preferences of its degrees.

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