Issue 3(51)/2017

doi:10.37190/arc (doi:10.5277/arc)

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  1. Ewa Cisek - Cosmological and animalistic motifs in architecture of the Norwegian Saami people
  2. Aleksander Serafin - Creative activity of Hans Hollein: symbol and architectural expression
  3. Tomasz Omieciński - Basic aesthetic assumptions of deconstructivism on the example of the Jewish Museum in Berlin by Daniel Libeskind
  4. Joanna Dudek-Klimiuk - The Botanic Garden in Myślęcinek (district of Bydgoszcz). Project of Edward Bartman, dating back to 1977, in a new, “habitat” type
  5. Kamila Piętka-Rakowiecka - Warsaw – city of courthouses
  6. Natalia Kot - Bronowice greenery in Lublin – the tradition of the place in the context of contemporary transformations
  7. Mateusz Dołęga, Krystyna Kirschke - “Museum of Steam Locomotives – Steam Centre” – the best project in the ICOMOS competition 2016
  8. Agnieszka Lisowska, Karolina Charewicz-Jakubowska - Max Berg’s Days of Architecture – the Discovery Center of the Centennial Hall project realised in cooperation with the Faculty of Architecture of Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Articles

Ewa Cisek - Cosmological and animalistic motifs in architecture of the Norwegian Saami people

doi:10.5277/arc170301

Characteristic features of contemporary architecture of the Saami people, who live in the northern areas of Norway (mainly Finnmark), have been presented in the article. There are cosmological and animalistic motifs resulting from the traditional culture of this people and their close relationship with nature. A key inspiration for the newly designed objects was the way of organizing and using the area with which the community identified mentally. Two traditional structures were connected with this, namely a pointed tent called lavvo and turf hut which was built similarly to a green hill. A close connection with tradition and the area and nature resulting from the original religion is visible in horizontally conditioned layouts, their colouring as well as in details which are artistically styled in the image of common Finnmark animals.

Keywords:
  •     architecture-of-the-norwegian-saami-people
  •     lavvo
  •     turf-hut
  •     nature
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    Aleksander Serafin - Creative activity of Hans Hollein: symbol and architectural expression

    doi:10.5277/arc170302

    The article concerns the issue of the unique character of Hans Hollein (1934–2014) in the context of its expressiveness, the symbolic transmission and traditional support. Despite specific controversy, the author’s achievements make him the one, who helped to identify the Austrian and German architectural thought against the background of international universalism. Against the general modern trends the text also raises the question of architectural elite with which he identified a designer.

    Keywords:
  •     architecture-parlante
  •     austria
  •     expression
  •     hans-hollein
  •     symbol
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    Tomasz Omieciński - Basic aesthetic assumptions of deconstructivism on the example of the Jewish Museum in Berlin by Daniel Libeskind

    doi:10.5277/arc170303

    The aim of this article is a deep analysis of the main aesthetic assumptions in the deconstructivist architecture on the example of Daniel Libeskind’s remarkable piece of architecture. The origins of this movement, its theoretical and philosophical foundations as well as the main ideas are presented.* Then, based on the building of the Jewish Museum in Berlin, there are demonstrated two of Libeskind’s different approaches to the role of aesthetics in architecture. The first position is an attitude that refers to the emotionalist theory of art, the second to the conceptualist theory of art.

    Keywords:
  •     beauty
  •     aesthetics
  •     deconstructivism
  •     libeskind
  •     jewish-museum-in-berlin
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    Joanna Dudek-Klimiuk - The Botanic Garden in Myślęcinek (district of Bydgoszcz). Project of Edward Bartman, dating back to 1977, in a new, “habitat” type

    doi:10.5277/arc170304

    In this article, the project of the Botanic Garden in Bydgoszcz, as developed by Edward Bartman was created at the end of the 1970s has been presented. The main emphasis was put on the adopted idea of the project and not on its current state as the degree of implementation of the project and the changes, being introduced during the mentioned process (inter alia, lack of the central entrance part in the project with the richest assumed programme) have significantly disturbed the author’s vision of the garden in the sphere of composition as well as its functions. There was also omitted information on the present plant reserves because they constitute a separate problem. The project of the Bydgoszcz garden is an example of the modern approach to landscape architecture, breaking down the earlier schemes of constructing botanic gardens, treated as a place for accumulation of the possibly greatest number of plant species, arranged mainly according to a systematic key. In the intention of the author, it was to be an object which strongly emphasizes the relations between man and nature, with respect to natural laws and ecology principles. At the same time, it was founded on conformity with the contemporary tendencies of constructing botanic gardens – as a suburban object (due to a greater area and ensuring further development) and one of the elements of multifunctional object, i.e. park of culture. The basic source material included original drawings and elaborations, coming from private collections of Prof. E. Bartman, the main architect of the Garden. When analyzing the form (composition) and program of the discussed garden, we may distinguish three basic ideas, according to which it was constructed: respecting the naturally o curring plant habitats which outline the compositional frames and the species selection (philosophical and economical aspects); opening of the object to the recreational and cognitive needs of man, with preservation of almost complete availability of the object (owing to, inter alia, giving up of fencing and introduction of attractive, all-year functioning program – museum, auditorium, cafe houses and winter gardens). The mentioned combination allowed creating the original, going ahead project. Unfortunately, the project assumptions have been only partially implemented and functioning of the discussed object has been impaired.

    Keywords:
  •     landscape-architecture
  •     forest-park-of-culture-and-recreation
  •     recreation
  •     plant-communities
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    Kamila Piętka-Rakowiecka - Warsaw – city of courthouses

    doi:10.5277/arc170305

    The paper aims to discuss Warsaw’s courthouse architecture and capture the differences between the projects’ functional dependencies. The key task was to determine the influence of court buildings on the image of the city. Buildings erected in different historical periods have been analyzed, starting from the interwar period to the present times. Formal and compositional analysis of selected courts in Warsaw was performed based on literature review and photographic and drawing documentation. The paper also touches upon the issue of the influence of regulations and design guidelines on the function and appearance of court buildings after 2009.

    Keywords:
  •     courthouse
  •     supreme-court
  •     supreme-administrative-court
  •     public-space
  •     warsaw
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    Natalia Kot - Bronowice greenery in Lublin – the tradition of the place in the context of contemporary transformations

    doi:10.5277/arc170306

    The article concerns the analysis of the transformation of the green areas of the Bronowice district in Lublin. It presents an analysis of the evolution of an urban unit, which significantly affected the format of the present greenery system. The existing contemporary green areas and their location are also shown, which significantly affect the microclimatic conditions of urban areas, and also reinforce the natural structures. In the article the author also has analyzed the tradition of the place in the context of contemporary transformations. She showed how the local community receive green, and how they relate to the rapid changes of investment in the district.

    Keywords:
  •     lublin
  •     green-areas
  •     tradition-of-the-place
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    Mateusz Dołęga, Krystyna Kirschke - “Museum of Steam Locomotives – Steam Centre” – the best project in the ICOMOS competition 2016

    doi:10.5277/arc170307

    Mateusz Dołęga (Faculty of Architecture, Wrocław University of Science and Technology) won the top prise in the ICOMOS international ­competition for the best master’s thesis defended in 2016. The article presents the fragment of graphic part of the diploma project, which also ­included a comprehensive textual design. The key issue of the project was revalorization and extension of a historical complex of railway buildings in Piła. They are designed for a museum of steam locomotives “Steam Centre” with a space for exhibitions and education. What is more, in half-round ­locomotive shed visitors can explore existing workshop where steam locomotives are repaired and reconstructed. The attractiveness of the museum is diversified by: presentations of working steam locomotives on the outside turntable, rides with historical rolling stock and demonstrations of preparing steam locomotives to use.

    Keywords:
  •     revitalisation
  •     railway-complex
  •     piła
  •     icomos
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    Agnieszka Lisowska, Karolina Charewicz-Jakubowska - Max Berg’s Days of Architecture – the Discovery Center of the Centennial Hall project realised in cooperation with the Faculty of Architecture of Wrocław University of Science and Technology

    doi:10.5277/arc170308

    The article presents assumptions and realization of a large educational and cultural project the “Max Berg’s Days of Architecture”, conducted by the Discovery Center of Centennial Hall in cooperation with the Faculty of Architecture of Wrocław University of Science and Technology from March to June 2016. The project included the so-called Max Berg’s Architecture Laboratory – a special workshop, where a team of 60 students of architecture and landscaping, together with staff of the Discovery Center and lecturers from the Faculty of Architecture, worked on organization of the main event. On June 4th 2016, the Centennial Hall in Wrocław saw the main cultural event – the construction and artistic action of “Rise the city of our dreams!”. The event was based on the idea of a scenario-based game, which incorporated elements of architectural and urbanistic knowledge. On the day of the event, over 2000 m2 of the Centennial Hall floor turned into a gigantic city plan inspired with Max Berg’s designs and developed by the students of architecture. The project embodied Max Berg’s idea, to turn the Centennial Hall into a “cathedral of democracy”, housing people of various ages, who worked together to create a gigantic model of the ideal town. The project was highly educational both for the participants of the game, and for the students-organizers.

    Keywords:
  •     city
  •     cultural-event
  •     centennial-hall
  •     max-berg
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